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Attacking a capped range in position
PokerStars - $0.16 NL FAST (6 max) - Holdem - 6 players

V – villain

Dealt to Hero:

SB raises to 3 BB, Hero calls in the BB calls 2 BB

Flop (6 BB, 2 players):
5h 4h 4s
SB checks, Hero checks
This is a paired board with low cards. I decided to check back since I do not have a flush draw and V would definitely call a flop bet with a flush draw. V would also call with over pairs, and some Broadway over cards. Hence, I did not feel that my fold equity is high in this spot. Also, I still have equity to realize on turn and river so I think it is better to check back in this spot.

Turn (6 BB, 2 players):
SB checks, Hero bets 4.31 BB, SB calls 4.31 BB
V checks again on Ace turn which caps his range. At this moment I have put V on a range that consist of mostly draws or junk: flush draw, straight draw, under pair, or two Broadway type of hands i.e., KQ off, KJ off, Q9 off etc.
I felt that Ace is unlikely to be in V`s range at this moment since he checked flop and turn. I decided to bet 75% pot to make V fold his flushes, straight and Broadway type of hands.
River: 5h 4h 4s Ad Qc

SB checks, Hero bets 20.94 BB, SB calls 20.94 BB

V checks again for the third time. At this moment I believe that V has Qx at best considering his line.
When you think of Vs range as whole at this moment:

Vs range that consist of junk: Busted flushes: KQ – K8, QJ – Q8, J9 – J8, 98, 87, (13 combos), Busted straights: 67 (1 combo), Broadway type of hands: off-suited KJ, K10, Q10 (3). I know that I block hands like K10 but they still may be in Vs range.
Vs range that consist of junk: 16 combos

Vs range that has a SDV: V may still have some Aces but not nutted ones: A9 – A6 (3 combos), KQ, QJ, Q10, and maybe Q9 (4 combos), some under pairs: 99 – 66, and maybe TT which I block anyway (4 combos).
Vs range that has a SDV: 11 combos

Basically, V has roughly combos without any SDV and 10 combos with SDV. Given my bet size (150% pot bet) and MDF. I have to make the V fold 60%, so V has to defend 40%.

11 combos in Vs range is exactly 40% of his range. However, given my bet sizing, V will not be blindly defending according to MDF. Therefore, he should fold anything apart from Ax and KQ. Given that I decided to make 150% over-bet expecting V to fold majority of his range. Unfortunately, V showed up with A9.

If I had 4x. I could either check the flop for range protection and to allow V to improve to the second best pair. However, Check makes little sense with a 4 OTF (range protection sometimes but not very often) - you want 3 streets for value as well as getting value from draws etc. Building the pot is kind of urgent with most 4x. If you bet tiny almost all other hands will continue like A high K high broadways etc. So you will get more value when they hit OTT

Can you tell me if my reasoning is ok, or Im missing something.

Hero shows:

(One Pair, Fours)
(Pre 44%, Flop 22%, Turn 0%)
SB shows:
(Two Pair, Aces and Fours)
(Pre 56%, Flop 78%, Turn 100%)

SB wins 53.94 BB

June 27, 2023 | 10:32 a.m.


PokerStars - $0.25 NL (6 max) - Holdem - 6 players

Pre Flop: (pot: 1.4 BB) Hero has 8d 9d
Hero opens to 3 BB from HJ, and V in the BB calls 2 BB. Everyone else folds.

Flop : (6.4 BB, 2 players) 5d 4c Kd
V checks, Hero bets 2.44 BB, V calls 2.44 BB

I do not know anything about the V, as I have had only 20 hands on him at the time.

Thats a standard dry board, so Im just range betting especially that I have a flush draw and a backdoor gut-shot. However, V did tank for a moment before calling me, which made me a bit suspicious about his holding as he took some time to actually make a decision.

Turn : (11.28 BB, 2 players) 5d 4c Kd Ah
V checks, Hero checks

V has called me flop c-bet, which obviously has filtered his range. There is an Ace on the turn which uncaps V`s range. However, Ace is better for my range than his.

At this moment, I have put the V on the range consisting of; Weak Kx (K10, K7, K6, K5 and maybe K4) I block Vs K8 and K9. V would 3-bet me with TT so its unlikely to be in his range, but V would definitely call my open and my c-bet with 99, 66, 55, 44.
Weak Ax (A10, A9, A6, A5, A4, A3, A2) with a backdoor flush could also be in his range (although I block the flush draws), and some Broadway hands such as; Q10, Q9, J10 (he could call with these hands hoping to turn a draw or a second pair).

Basically. V`s range that has me beaten is: K10, K7, K6, K5, and maybe K4, 99, 66, 55, 44, A5, A4 (11 combos). Draw/bluffing range: A10, A9, A6, A3, A2, Q10, Q9, J10 (8 combos).

However, V`s has checked the turn again after tanking for a bit. Yet, again he has shown weakness, so trips (44, 55) and two-pairs (A4, A5) are very unlikely to be in his range.

Therefore, V most likely have a Kx (5 combos), or a middle pair: 99, 66 (two combos), or complete air; Q10, Q9, J10.

I decided to check because I do have position, so I can always attack his river check. Also, I wanted to get a free card to see if I can improve, as I don`t like to attack an uncapped range without a premium draw.

River : (11.28 BB, 2 players) 5d 4c Kd Ah 5s
BB checks, Hero bets 12.16 BB, fold

V`s has checked me for the third time showing real weakness. (Same as the first example). Basically, at this moment I am almost certain that he does not have nuts: boat (55, 44), V should have either check/raise me on the flop or attack me on the turn with 55 and 44. (Ace on the turn is good for my range, and a set is nicely disguised so that it is better for him to bet the turn with a set, or check raise the flop).

Ax is also unlikely as he should be betting the river for the majority of the time to build the pot.

So at this moment, I have concluded that V has either a weak Kx (5 combos), or a middle pair: 99, 66 (2 combos) or complete air: Q10, Q9, J10 (3 combos).

I have decided (learnt from the previous hand) that it is better to attack this river because:
- I have a range advantage: I have much more Ax and Kx than V in my range.
- V has capped his range by c/c/c.
- 100% of V`s range is either a marginal hand: Kx, middle pair or complete air. He is going to fold a lot against this sizing. I know from experience that in micro and low-stakes Vs are folding very often against an over-bet on the river. It is an exploitative approach. However, I believe that in micros and low-stakes it does work often enough to justify this approach. Especially against a wide range.
Because, Vs and REGs do not play purely GTO and will not always call me down as per GTO.

Based on MDF. I need to steal the pot 54% of the time to profit, and I actually beat 50% of V`s air and marginal range (5combos out of 10). Hence, I have made an over-bet, and V folded.

Hero wins 10.76 BB

June 7, 2023 | 5:44 p.m.

Thank you so much for this detailed analysis. That`s actually really nuanced and detailed approach.
I do agree with what you said about 3-betting AQo pre-flop, as you can steal the pot either pre-flop or on the flop. However, my approach especially then was to 3-bet in a polarised manner with my nuts (TT+, AQs+, KQs) and bluffs (A8s-, suited connectors).
I think that mu range would become more linear if I started to 3-bet a lot of off Broadway hands. However, 3-betting off Broadways does have a merit as well. My strategy at the time was just different.
I will start making notes about individual players as you get to play with the same people a lot. Thanks, much appreciated.

What do you think about over-betting the river after Vs c/c/c to make him fold all the middle pairs? Because, I did play today and I actually decided to over-bet the river after Vs c/c/c and he folded.

The hand is below:

June 7, 2023 | 5:02 p.m.

I studied pre-flop ranges from J. Little book "Mastering small-stakes", and it says to call your whole range against UTG. Also, I dont like to 3-bet with speculative hands (AQo) against a tight range, because if I get called and I miss the flop. Im often in a difficult spot, if UTG bets into me.
BB was a REG, but from experience, I noticed that in 10/16 NL blinds do no attack UTG open with a 3-bet as often. Hence, I decided to cold call.

June 7, 2023 | 2:01 p.m.

I do represent thin. I agree. However, it is a bit more of an exploit considering V`s checking of each street. Also, as a PFR I do have some pocket pairs and Q10 in my range, so this line would not be completely out of line I suppose.

June 6, 2023 | 11:07 p.m.

As in 18% pot bet ? That is soooo little. I think I would call an 18% pot bet with pocket 22 considering the sizing :D It does make sense when you think of it though.

June 6, 2023 | 10:42 p.m.

Thanks. I will do it then next time just in case I get trapped by AK.

June 6, 2023 | 9:58 a.m.

PokerStars - $0.10 NL (6 max) - Holdem - 6 players

Pre Flop: (pot: 1.5 BB) Hero: Qh Ac

V from UTG raises to 3 BB, Hero calls 3 BB. Everyone else folds.

V is a Passive NIT. VP 14/ PR 12/ AF 0/ Hands abbreviation 83

Flop : (Hero against V) Js 4c 5h
V checks, Hero checks

Analysis; It is a dry board where I block hands from Vs opening range. Ax type of hands and Qx (e.g., QJ) which constitute a large proportion of Vs range. V also checks which caps his range as he should be betting in an unselective manner.
At this point, I believe that I am a favourite against V`s range but I want to keep his range wide, as some JX hands are still in his range.

Turn : (7.5 BB, 2 players) Js 4c 5h 9d
V checks, Hero bets 5.4 BB, UTG calls 5.4 BB

Analysis: V checks again which shows real weakness. At this point, Jx in Vs range is highly unlikely considering my blockers. Also, There is a straight draw on turn which I block. V most likely has either two over cards, or a suited connector (eg, 87, 98), Basically V has a marginal hands. Therefore, I have attacked Vs check with a 75% pot bet and V checked me. At this point I thought that V either has a 9x, or pocket 77 or pocket 88. Jx was a tiny proportion of his range.

River : (18.3 BB, 2 players) Js 4c 5h 9d Kc
V checks, Hero checks

Analysis: Kc on the river has scared me a bit so I decided to check back. However, after post hand analysis, I have concluded that I should attacked Vs check with an over-bet as his range following another check was very weak. Basically, Me having AQ, and considering Vs open from UTG. I basically block a large portion of Vs range. I block Vs Kx and Jx, i.e., AK, KQ, AJ, QJ. I also block a straight draw (Q10). V has opened from UTG so he is not going to open with a Kx or Jx with a weak kicker, so Kx or Jx are very unlikely to be in his range considering that V did not show strength at any street.
Most likely, V has something between TT, 9x, 88 or 77. Therefore, I should have attacked the V`s check with a 1.2x pot bet to make him fold anything worse that the second best pair.

Based on MDF. I need to steal the pot 54% of the time to profit. I block the majority of Vs premium range; Kx, Jx. Therefore, V has basically 77, 88, 9x, TT in his range. Given the sizing. I dont think that V will be defending blindly defending according to MDF with 44% of his range and will fold anything worse than TT which is only a tiny proportion of his range.

V shows 9h 8h (One Pair, Nines)
(Pre 40%, Flop 29%, Turn 86%)

Hero mucks Qh Ac (High Card, Ace)
(Pre 60%, Flop 71%, Turn 14%)

Is that a correct conclusion? Or Should I change the bet size?

Thanks for any help.

June 5, 2023 | 8:03 p.m.

Post | 4sthma posted in Chatter: Discord channel enquiry


How can I join the run it once discord channel?

kind regards

Feb. 20, 2023 | 11:56 a.m.

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